Taj Mahal - one of the most recognized emblems of India was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as a memorial to his second wife - Mumatz Mahal (actually: Arjumand Bano Begum). She died in 1631 giving birth to their 14th child.
Often called 'The Ultimate Memorial to love' or 'The most extravagant monument ever built for love' the Taj is situated in the city of Agra, in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Construction of the mausoleum took 17 years and was carried out by alltogether 20.000 workers. Specialists in pietra dura (marble inlay works of semi-precious stones) were brought from India, Asia and Europe.
At present the white-marble mausoleum is included in the Unesco's World Heritage list.